SNIES Register 20045
Within the field of engineering, Civil Engineering has traditionally taken the role of developing the infrastructure for the use and management of water resources. The Master program in Hydrosystems (Master of Research) aims to amplify the understanding of climate-soil-biota relationships in different hydrosystems (such as watersheds, rivers, lakes, aquifers, coastlines, irrigation districts, reservoirs, sewage treatment plants, drainages, among others) to contribute to solving water-related problems in society: problems of quantity, quality and availability. The name of the program is related to earth sciences, especially the study of hydrology. The above mentioned problems are as diverse as those related to hydraulics, as well as the location of water supplies for urban and rural areas or the frequency of floods, as soil erosion and its resulting effects, the prevention or cleanup of contamination or the location of places that permit the disposal of hazardous waste, among others (Marcano, 2009).
The program is based on global water sustainability paradigms, such as Ecohydrology and Hydroinformatics, going hand in hand with the university’s Ciencia e Ingeniería del Agua y el Ambiente (Water and Environment Science and Engineering, former Hidrociencias) research group, which has been developing the line of research “Sustainable development of water resources” and applied it to different fields like agriculture, livestock, forestry, logging, the capture, treatment and distribution of water, urban sanitation, wastewater and related activities, weather forecast and climate survey, among others.
The Hydrosystems Master program is therefore contained within the area of science and technology number 25 (Earth and Space Sciences) and in particular 2508 (Hydrology) according to UNESCO’s international nomenclature.
The program recognizes the need to explore certain components of the hydrological cycle, without letting aside the global and interdependent concept relating to other elements within the ecosystem, allowing an approach from different professional and scientific perspectives (Basic sciences, Engineering and Geosciences), the topics of utilization, management and control of water resources.
Apart from an innovating name and offering a different alternative to studying water resources, the Hydrosystems Master program involves the formation of human resources with not only scientific and technological tools, but also a philosophical, social and professional development.